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Maize Cultivation: India’s Focus on Climate-Resilient Crop and Ethanol Feedstock

In the wake of escalating water scarcity globally, the cultivation of crops has emerged as a critical concern. Maize, renowned for its lower water requirements and climate resilience, has garnered significant attention, especially in India, where it has become a primary feedstock for ethanol production.

Maize, also known as corn, stands out for its ability to thrive in diverse climates and soil conditions, requiring less water compared to other crops. This characteristic has made it a preferred choice amid the intensifying water crisis worldwide. Additionally, the Government of India’s emphasis on alternative fuels has propelled maize cultivation, with reports indicating its surpassing of sugarcane as a key ethanol source.

India’s maize production has witnessed a steady rise, attributed to initiatives like the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), coupled with technological advancements in agriculture. Major maize-producing states such as Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh have contributed significantly to this growth.

Dr. Mamtamayi Priyadarshini, a farming expert, highlighted India’s maize production growth from 28 million tonnes (MT) in the financial year 2021-2022 to 34.61 million tonn

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